Sleep apnea linked to cognitive difficulties

Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may blame their daytime difficulties on simple sleepiness, but new research suggests that their brains may be to blame. Specifically, their cognitive challenges may be caused by structural deficits in gray matter, brought on by the intermittent oxygen deprivation that comes with OSA. The good news is that these deficits may be partially or fully reversible with early detection and treatment, according to Italian researchers.

“OSA patients demonstrate several neuropsychological impairments, but current knowledge of the brain structures affected by OSA is limited. This study provides the first evidence that structural brain abnormalities exist in regions susceptible to hypoxemia, and they can change with treatment,” said Vincenza Castronovo, Ph.D., clinical psychologist at the Sleep Disorders Center, Vita-Salute San Raffaele University and San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milan, Italy.

The study was published online ahead of the print edition of the American Thoracic Society’s American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Continue reading Sleep apnea linked to cognitive difficulties

Nutrition Secrets for a flat, fat- free tummy

I’m often asked to pick my favorite “to do’s” when it comes to slimming the waistline. So here they are:

1. Cut Calories

Cutting calories is the key to maintaining a trim midsection. The only way to see a solid set of abs is in the absence of body fat. To achieve this goal a person must reduce calories. However, what I find is people go whole hog and drop caloric intake too much and too fast. When reducing calories make sure it is not too drastic. This slows your metabolism and allows you to store more stubborn fat. When you reduce calories and increase energy output the body will be forced to burn fat all over, not just in one area. I’m not saying to starve, simply drop the junk food and reduce calories by 10 to 15percent. That may mean cutting out the donuts.

2. Eat at Least Five to Six Small Meals Per Day

Small meals eaten frequently help to keep your metabolism high, allowing you to burn fat, even while you sleep. This approach is in vogue with many fitness authorities. The main reason is stoking the furnace within your body. The more you practice eating small meals more often, the more you will find body fat leaving your body. For more information on this check out “Burn the Fat Feed the Muscle” mentioned at the end of this manual.

3. Reduce Carbohydrate Intake at Night

Since the majority of carbs consumed are complex (slow release), tapering them off toward the end of the day will minimize the possibility of carb-to-fat turnover. This is a proven fact eat, carbs at night and you will gain body fat. Think about it, if you eat late are you ever hungry in the morning? No! Blood sugar levels are still above average. So what happens? You do not eat a good breakfast …and poof you eat like a hog at lunch so you’re not hungry again until late at night….and the cycle continues over and over.

4. Eat a Healthy Serving of Fiber with Meals

Fiber helps with the digestion of protein, carbs and fat. It is the key to burning the sugar from carbs making muscles leaner. Adding fiber to your diet is one of the best things you can do. Also, anything containing fiber is usually going to be low in calories (i.e. vegetables). Get as much of this stuff as you possibly can. Fiber is necessary for a balanced nutritional plan. Continue reading Nutrition Secrets for a flat, fat- free tummy

How To Gain Muscle And Lose Fat At The Same Time

“How can I gain muscle and lose fat at the same time?” That’s right up there
with “How do I get six pack abs” as one of the most frequently asked fitness
questions of all time. The problem is, when you ask it, you get all kinds of
conflicting answers – even from experts who are supposed to know these things.
So what’s the deal? Is it really possible to lose fat and build muscle
simultaneously?

Short answer: Yes, you can gain muscle and lose fat at the “same time.”

Long answer: It’s difficult and it’s complicated. Allow me to explain…

First we have the issue of whether you really lose fat and gain muscle at the
“same time.”

Well, yes, if your definition of the “same time” is say, a month or 12 weeks.
But in that case, you’re probably not gaining muscle at the “same time”
literally speaking, as in, right now this very moment you are reading this, or 7
days a week, 24 hours a day for months in a row.

The best explanation for what’s really happening is that you alternate between
periods of caloric surplus (anabolism) and caloric deficit (catabolism) and the
net result is a gain in muscle and a loss in body fat.

You see, if you stay in a calorie surplus, it’s the body’s natural tendency for
body fat and lean body mass to go up together. And if you stay in a calorie
deficit, it’s your body’s natural tendency for body fat and lean body mass to go
down together.

There may be exceptions, but the general rule is that it is very difficult to
gain muscle and lose fat at the same time – the mechanisms are mostly
antagonistic to one another. When it does happen, it’s almost always the result
of “unusual conditions” – I call them X factors.

The 4 X-Factors

The first X-factor is “training age” . Ever hear of “newbie gains?” The less
trained your body is and the further you are from your genetic potential, the
easier it is to gain muscle. The reverse is also true – an advanced bodybuilder
with 20 years experience would be thrilled just to gain a few pounds of solid
dry muscle in a year!

The second x factor is muscle memory. It’s easier to regain muscle you’ve lost
than it is to gain new muscle in the first place (ergo, the fat out of shape
semi retired bodybuilder who starts training again and blows up and gets ripped
“overnight”).

The third X factor is genetics (or somatotype). Ever heard of the “genetic
freak?” That’s the dude who sprouts muscle like weeds even when he’s on the
“50-50 diet” (50% McDonald’s and 50% pizza)” and he never gets fat. (That dude
chose the right parents!)

The fourth X factor is drugs. It would stun (or sadden) you if you knew how many
people take performance and physique-enhancing drugs. I’m not just talking about
pro bodybuilders, I’m talking about “Joe six pack” in the gym – not to mention
those fitness models you idolize in the magazines. How did they get large muscle
gains with concurrent fat loss? Chemicals.

I’m not a gambling man, but I’ll place a wager on this any day: I’ll bet that in
99% of the cases of large muscle gains with concurrent large fat losses, one or
more of these x factors were present.

That’s not all! There are actually 5 more X factors related to your body
composition and diet status (the X2 factors). But I’ll have to talk about those
later.

So you’re not a beginner, you don’t take roids, you’re not a genetic freak and
you have no muscle memory to take advantage of. Are you S.O.L? Well, I do want
you to be realistic about your goals, but…

There IS a way for the average person to gain muscle and lose fat at the same
time.

The Secret: You have to change your “temporal perspective!”

Traditionally nutritionists and fitness pros have only looked at calorie balance
in terms of 24 hour periods. At midnight, you could tally up the calories like a
shopkeeper closing out his register, and if the balance were positive, you’d say
you were in a surplus for the day. If the balance were negative, you’d say you
were in a deficit for the day.

But it’s entirely possible that you might pass through periods of “within-day”
surplus where you were in a highly anabolic state (for example, you eat the
biggest, highest carb meal of the day after your workout), and you were in a
deficit the rest of the day.

If you did intense weight training, and you timed your nutrient intake
appropriately, Isn’t it possible that you could gain a small amount of muscle
during those anabolic hours, while losing fat the rest of the day? Granted it
might only be grams or ounces – but what if you kept that up for a week? A
month? Three months?

As you pan out and look at the bigger picture, what if most days of the week you
were in a deficit for the entire day, and on some days you were in a surplus? If
so, then isn’t it possible that over the course of the week, you’d have a small
net gain of muscle and loss of body fat a a result of the caloric fluctuation?

These within-day and within-week phases are called microcycles and mesocycles.
If you also had a primary goal with a longer term focus of several months, say
12 weeks or 16 weeks, that would be a macrocycle.

What I’ve just described is nutritional periodization. Some people call it
cyclical dieting. it’s where you manipulate your calories (primarily by
fluctuating carbohydrate intake, hence (“carb cyclin”) in order to intentionally
zig zag your way through periods of surplus and deficit and create specific
hormonal responses.

The end result: muscle gain and fat loss during the same time period!

I know that someone out there is having a hissy fit because I’ve only talked
about calories: deficits and surpluses. Rightfully so. Calories matter but
there’s more to it than calories – most importantly, hormones and “utrient
partitioning.”

If you’re in a calorie deficit you are going to pull energy from your body.The
question is: From WHERE? If your hormones are out of whack and you’re eating
crap, you could lose more muscle than fat in a deficit and gain almost pure fat,
not muscle, in a surplus!

But WHAT IF you could manipulate within day energy balance, use nutritional
periodization AND control your hormones with food and lifestyle strategies?
AHA! NOW you can see how concurrent muscle gain and fat loss are starting to
look possible!

Make no mistake – concurrent muscle gain and fat loss is a difficult goal to
achieve. The good news: difficult does not mean impossible. Or as George
Santayana said, “The difficult is that which can be done immediately, the
impossible, that which takes a little longer.”

The Holy Grail Body Transformation Program: How to Gain Muscle and Lose Fat at
The Same Time Click Here to Get THE HOLY GRAIL!

You can learn more about gaining muscle and losing fat at the same time in Tom
Venuto’s new e-book called, “The Holy Grail Body Transformation System.”

You’ll learn all about nutritional periodization, cyclical dieting, hormonal
manipulation, within day energy balance, nutrient partitioning, AND the all the
X factors, including the 5 “2-Factors” – which are the keys to gaining muscle
and losing fat at the same time.

You’ll also get Tom’s new “TNB” training system, as seen in Men’s Fitness
magazine (the complete, expanded version that Men’s Fitness didn’t have room to
print).

At the moment, The Holy Grail ebook is not for sale separately and there are
only two ways you can get it.

From now until Midnight (PST), May 13th, 2010, you can get a copy of the Holy
Grail Body Transformation program ebook for FREE when you purchase the Burn The
Fat, Feed The Muscle e-book from this web page: www.BurnTheFat.com

The other way you can a a copy is by joining the Burn the Fat Inner Circle at:
http://budurl.com/innercirclememeber

After May 13th, 2010 at midnight PST The Holy Grail will be taken off the market
for a period of time while Tom is collecting case studies and getting feedback
from users, to include in the final edition – which WILL be released for sale
separately later this year.

Visit the Burn The Fat website now and jump on this deal while you still can.
http://budurl.com/gettheholygrailnow

David Grisaffi

About The Author

David Grisaffi majored in physical education and is a certified high
performance exercise kinesiologist with the prestigious CHEK institute.
David holds a total of 6 certifications, he is a high school wrestling
and baseball coach as well as an independent trainer and strength coach,
known especially for his work with professional boxers and golfers.
David is the author of Firm And Flatten Your Abs an online best seller
which teaches you how to lose body fat and develop ‘six pack abs’ while
improving strength, function and athletic power at the same time. You
can contact David or learn more about his programs at
http://www.FlattenYourAbs.net

For Older Women, Exercise May Cut Breast Cancer Risk

For sedentary postmenopausal women, moderate to vigorous exercise for a year reduced levels of estradiol, researchers said.

The reductions, compared with those achieved by controls, were modest but significant and were consistent with a lower risk for breast cancer, according to Christine Friedenreich, PhD, of Alberta Health Services in Calgary, and colleagues.

The finding, from a randomized trial, is evidence that such women — sedentary and mostly overweight — can “achieve and sustain high levels of aerobic exercise,” the researchers reported online in the Journal of Clinical Oncology.

Observation suggests that increased physical activity is linked to lower breast cancer risk, but exactly how remains unclear, the researchers noted. One plausible mechanism, they said in the journal, is modification of the sex hormones.

To investigate the issue, they enrolled 320 postmenopausal women, ages 50 to 74, in a one-year trial; 160 women were randomly assigned to 225 minutes a week of aerobic exercise, the remaining 160 maintained their usual level of activity.

More of For Older Women, Exercise May Cut Breast Cancer Risk

Med diet may protect brain

Newswise — A Mediterranean diet may help people avoid the small areas of brain damage that can lead to problems with thinking and memory, according to a study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology’s 62nd Annual Meeting in Toronto April 10 to April 17, 2010.

The study found that people who ate a Mediterranean-like diet were less likely to have brain infarcts, or small areas of dead tissue linked to thinking problems.

The Mediterranean diet includes high intake of vegetables, legumes, fruits, cereals, fish and monounsaturated fatty acids such as olive oil; low intake of saturated fatty acids, dairy products, meat and poultry; and mild to moderate amounts of alcohol.

For the study, researchers assessed the diets of 712 people in New York and divided them into three groups based on how closely they were following the Mediterranean diet. Then they conducted MRI brain scans of the people an average of six years later. A total of 238 people had at least one area of brain damage.

Those who were most closely following a Mediterranean-like diet were 36 percent less likely to have areas of brain damage than those who were least following the diet. Those moderately following the diet were 21 percent less likely to have brain damage than the lowest group.

Excessive Internet use is linked to depression in UK study


People who spend a lot of time browsing the net are more likely to show depressive symptoms, according to the first large-scale study of its kind in the West by University of Leeds psychologists.

Researchers found striking evidence that some users have developed a compulsive internet habit, whereby they replace real-life social interaction with online chat rooms and social networking sites. The results suggest that this type of addictive surfing can have a serious impact on mental health.

Lead author Dr Catriona Morrison, from the University of Leeds, said: “The internet now plays a huge part in modern life, but its benefits are accompanied by a darker side.

“While many of us use the internet to pay bills, shop and send emails, there is a small subset of the population who find it hard to control how much time they spend online, to the point where it interferes with their daily activities.”

These ‘internet addicts’ spent proportionately more time browsing sexually gratifying websites, online gaming sites and online communities. They also had a higher incidence of moderate to severe depression than non-addicted users.

“Our research indicates that excessive internet use is associated with depression, but what we don’t know is which comes first – are depressed people drawn to the internet or does the internet cause depression?

“What is clear, is that for a small subset of people, excessive use of the internet could be a warning signal for depressive tendencies.”

Incidents such as the spate of suicides among teenagers in the Welsh town of Bridgend in 2008 led many to question the extent to which social networking sites can contribute to depressive thoughts in vulnerable teenagers. In the Leeds study, young people were more likely to be internet addicted than middle-aged users, with the average age of the addicted group standing at 21 years.

“This study reinforces the public speculation that over-engaging in websites that serve to replace normal social function might be linked to psychological disorders like depression and addiction,” added Dr Morrison. “We now need to consider the wider societal implications of this relationship and establish clearly the effects of excessive internet use on mental health.”

This was the first large-scale study of Western young people to consider the relationship between internet addiction and depression. The internet use and depression levels of 1,319 people aged 16-51 were evaluated for the study, and of these, 1.2% were classed as being internet addicted. While small, this figure is larger than the incidence of gambling in the UK, which stands at 0.6%. The research will be published in the journal Psychopathology on 10th February. Source

Free Gift for David Grisaffi's Readers Interested in Fat Loss

Leave a Comment, Win a Book: Free Gift for Physical Living Readers Interested in Fat Loss

A good friend of mine, Tom Venuto, has offered to give away a free copy
of his best-selling book The Body Fat Solution: Five Principles for
Burning Fat, Building Lean Muscle, Ending Emotional Eating, and
Maintaining Your Perfect Weight
at This book swept Amazon.com’s best sellers
list when it was released last year in hard cover format and has already helped
tens of thousands of people in their struggle with bodyfat. This book is very
unique because it’s not a diet or even a training book per se. It’s actually received
its greatest acclaim and positive reviews as a book about the psychological and
emotional aspects of fat loss.

One of the major theme’s in the book is that as a culture seeking a
solution for fat loss, we’ve been asking the wrong questions. We’re
accustomed to asking questions like “What nutrition or training program
should I follow?” – but this is not the most important question. The
real question that you should be asking is:

“What makes me follow my program?” And, conversely, “What makes me quit
my program so easily?”

The Body Fat Solution offers THE solution to finding those answers out
for yourself. After such great success, The Body Fat Solution was just
released in paperback, too, and Tom is willing to give a paperback copy
to one of my lucky readers. The best part is that it’s painfully simple
to enter the contest.

Here’s what you need to do in order to enter-

The Body Fat Solution, national bestseller

1) Leave a comment below, telling me why you should be selected as the
winner.

Ideas: Maybe you need a better education about fat loss. Or, you’ve
tried to lose weight and failed many times before. You could be an
emotional eater, struggle with your self image, or have never had the
motivation to see your goals through to the finish. Even if you’re
already in great shape, you may have a good enough reason to win this
book. Tell me about it.

(500 words or less, please. And longer comments aren’t necessarily
better. I’m looking for quality.)

2) You must be a subscriber to my Firm and Flatten Your Abs newsletter.

This contest is a way for me to give back to my loyal readers and
subscribers. If you’re not on my mailing list, then you are not eligible
to enter. If you’d like to sign-up for the mailing list, then visit the
Newsletter Sign-up Page. Subscribers receive a few benefits that regular
visitors don’t (such as being eligible for contests like this one).
Contest Rules

The Prize:

1 autographed copy of The Body Fat Solution (paperback) by Tom Venuto.
To my knowledge, the only difference besides the actual binding is that
the paperback has an extra appendix with fat burning meals plans that
were not included in the hard cover. (note: there are no customer
reviews yet because it was just released this week. If you’d like to
read some reviews about the book, check out The Body Fat Solution (hard
cover version).

Contest Deadline:

January 14 at midnight PST.

Choosing a Winner:

One winner will be chosen by executive decision.

Eligibility:

You are eligible – yes you. This prize is only available to residents of
the 48 contiguous states. (If you don’t live in the U.S. and you win,
I’ll forward you a download link for Burn The Fat, Feed the Muscle
instead, and another winner will be chosen to receive the paperback
book).

*Update: Tom has just informed me that he would be happy to ship the
book anywhere in the world – that makes EVERYONE eligible to enter. If
you don’t live in the 48 contiguous States, then you will have a choice
of either receiving the Body Fat Solution paperback book or the Burn The
Fat, Feed The Muscle ebook
.

Other Notes:

-Remember to use your primary email address in the comment board. If you
don’t, we won’t have a way to contact you for your shipping address.

-One comment per entrant, please.

———————————————————————————————————————————————————–

Even if you don’t win the prize, you can still take action today to
achieve your fat loss goals. There are mountains of literature on the
subject, including some archived articles on my blog. And with the cost
of paperback books, you can purchase a copy of The Body Fat Solution for
a very meager investment.

However, if you want something a bit more, something that will guarantee
you lose fat permanently and naturally, then listen up. If you’re
serious about fat loss, and want to put in the time to maximize your
results, and if detail-oriented hard work is right up your alley, then
you’re probably ready for the advanced techniques contained within Burn
The Fat, Feed The Muscle (BFFM)
at http://budurl.com/tomvenuto. Whereas
The Body Fat Solution is more geared towards people who struggle with
compliance to a fat loss program, BFFM is catered to a more serious type
of person who is willing to put in the work to achieve the results
they’re seeking after.

BFFM was designed to be a complete and definitive guide to nutrition for
fat loss, based on the bodybuilding / fitness / figure method of eating.
The majority of BFFM is devoted to nutrition, with ancillary chapters on
setting goals effectively, weight training, and cardio. In my opinion,
BFFM is where Tom Venuto really -spills it- and teaches everything he
knows about burning fat and building muscle. It’s the most comprehensive
resource I’ve encountered on the subject. If you’d like to learn more
about Burn The Fat Feed The Muscle system, visit the official site at
Burn The Fat , Or, you can visit Tom’s fat loss support
community at Burnthefatinnercircle, where members -burn
the fat together- using the BFFM system.

Good luck and thanks for your participation. I look forward to hearing
from you!

David Grisaffi
Firm and Flatten Your Abs


Physical Vs. Emotional Eating Patterns

by David Grisaffi

Walk past a bakery and the aroma of fresh baking makes your mouth
water. Whatever your mood, this fragrance tantalizes and tempts even
the strongest of dieters and weight watchers. Today there are many
things that dictate eating patterns, the What, How and Why We Eat.

Eating patterns or What We Eat are usually decided by our geographical
location as the body requirements are different for different climatic
conditions.  How we eat comes under categories like boiled, fried,
steamed, pressure-cooked, roasted and raw. The third factor, “Why We
Eat”, has become a science in its own right.

There are many reasons for eating…right? There are those who eat
because they are hungry, there are some who eat because they like a
particular food, there are those who eat to live and then there are
people who live to eat. Whatever the case, food forms the backdrop for
all and eating patterns speaks a lot about our mental and physical
health.

Eating patterns are dictated by physical and emotional triggers. Your
physical eating patterns are dependent on your daily routine and work
timings. After a point, the body gets used to digesting food at a
particular time and if there is a change in this time then it might
lead to digestion-related problems. Continue reading Physical Vs. Emotional Eating Patterns

Fat around the middle increases the risk of dementia

I found this information and am passing it on…

Women who store fat on their waist in middle age are more than twice as likely to develop dementia when they get older, reveals a new study from the Sahlgrenska Academy.

The study has just been published in the scientific journal Neurology.

“Anyone carrying a lot of fat around the middle is at greater risk of dying prematurely due to a heart attack or stroke,” says Deborah Gustafson, senior lecturer at the Sahlgrenska Academy. “If they nevertheless manage to live beyond 70, they run a greater risk of dementia.”

The research is based on the Prospective Population Study of Women in Gothenburg, which was started at the end of the 1960s when almost 1,500 women between the ages of 38 and 60 underwent comprehensive examinations and answered questions about their health and lifestyle.

A follow-up 32 years later showed that 161 women had developed dementia, with the average age of diagnosis being 75. This study shows that women who were broader around the waist than the hips in middle age ran slightly more than twice the risk of developing dementia when they got old. However, the researchers could find no link to a high body mass index (BMI).

“Other studies have shown that a high BMI is also linked to dementia, but this was not the case in ours,” says Gustafson. “This may be because obesity and overweight were relatively unusual among the women who took part in the Prospective Population Study.”

The study was carried out at the Neuropsychiatric Epidemiology Research Unit as part of the Sahlgrenska Academy’s major research project EpiLife.

Hope this can help shed some light on the situation…

Thanks

David Grisaffi
http://www.flattenyourabs.net


ARE YOU GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP?

This is a much debated topic.  Various research articles have
propounded theories that gauge the exact amount of sleep required by a
person and how to find out if he is getting enough sleep. The amount
of shut eye necessary can vary from person to person.  Not only does
the quantity of seep count, but so does the quality.  The experts are
in full agreement that the number of hours of sleep required varies
from person to person, but they also agree that there is no minimum
number of hours of sleep for optimum health.  Some people remain
healthy while getting a mere six hours, while still others can not
function without eight consecutive hours.  To remain in good health
you need to progress through the five phases of sleep.

To feel fully rested your brain needs to go through the full cycle of
the five phases of sleep.  Enough time should be spent in each of the
phases so that your brain can rest completely.  Any interruptions in
these phases will lead to feelings of fatigue.  There are times when
the common alarm clock and your body’s internal clock simply are not
on the same schedule.  This can be the issue when you are chronically
not getting enough sleep.  Cases like this can happen to people who
work at night or the overseas traveler who experiences “jet lag” or
“jet daze”.  This lack of synchronization can leave you unable to
enjoy your vacation or unable to make the sale!  Dr. Judith Reichman’s
book – “Slow Your Clock Down:  The Complete Guide to a Healthy,
Younger You” is a great read on this subject.

There are several other conditions that can lead to your sleep cycle
being interrupted.  Three of the biggest are: sleep apnea, periodic
limb movement, and chronic pain and disease.  The signs of sleep apnea
are snoring, gasping, and pauses in your breathing that cause you to
wake.  Sleep apnea can be caused by many things like allergies,
enlarged tonsils or adenoids, and being overweight.  Periodic limb
movement is a common affliction of adults.  One of these type of
ailments is Restless Leg Syndrome.  The constant, unexpected jerking
of your arms or legs can wake you.  Maybe not completely, but enough
to interrupt your sleep cycle.  Pain and chronic diseases such as
arthritis, osteoporosis, congestive heart failure, and even too much
medication can hamper or interrupt the cycle and lead to fatigue and
sleep disorders. Continue reading ARE YOU GETTING ENOUGH SLEEP?